Multiscale Coarse-Graining of Ionic Liquids

TitleMultiscale Coarse-Graining of Ionic Liquids
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsWang, Y, Izvekov, S, Yan, T, Voth, GA
JournalJ Phys Chem B
Keywords*Algorithms Ionic Liquids/*chemistry Temperature

A recently developed multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) approach for obtaining coarse-grained force fields from fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulation is applied to the challenging case of the EMIM+NO3- ionic liquid. The force-matching in the MS-CG methodology is accomplished with an explicit separation of bonded and nonbonded forces. While the nonbonded forces are adopted from this force-matching approach, the bonded forces are obtained from fitting the statistical configurational data from the atomistic simulations. The many-body electronic polarizability is also successfully broken into effective pair interactions. With a virial constraint fixing the system pressure, the MS-CG models rebuild satisfactory structural and thermodynamic properties for different temperatures. The MS-CG model developed from a modest atomistic simulation is therefore suitable for simulating much larger systems, because the coarse-grained models show significant time integration efficiency. This approach is expected to be general for coarse-graining other ionic liquids, as well as many other liquid-state systems. The limitations of the present coarse-graining procedure are also discussed.