|Title||Effective Force Fields for Condensed Phase Systems from ab initio Molecular Dynamics Simulation: a New Method for Force-matching|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Izvekov, S, Parrinello, M, Burnham, CJ, Voth, GA|
|Journal||J Chem Phys|
A novel least-squares fitting approach is presented to obtain classical force fields from trajectory and force databases produced by ab initio (e.g., Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The method was applied to derive effective nonpolarizable three-site force fields for liquid water at ambient conditions from Car-Parrinello MD simulations in the Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr approximation to the electronic density functional theory. The force-matching procedure includes a fit of short-ranged nonbonded forces, bonded forces, and atomic partial charges. The various parameterizations of the water force field differ by an enforced smooth cut-off applied to the short-ranged interaction term. These were obtained by fitting to the trajectory and force data produced by Car-Parrinello MD simulations of systems of 32 and 64 H(2)O molecules. The new water force fields were developed assuming both flexible or rigid molecular geometry. The simulated structural and self-diffusion properties of liquid water using the fitted force fields are in close agreement with those observed in the underlying Car-Parrinello MD simulations. The resulting empirical models compare to experiment much better than many conventional simple point charge (SPC) models. The fitted potential is also shown to combine well with more sophisticated intramolecular potentials. Importantly, the computational cost of the new models is comparable to that for SPC-like potentials.